E beginning and 22.5?2.7 g at the termination of the experiment. The

E beginning and 22.5?2.7 g at the termination of the experiment. The means of bodyweights of each therapeutic group at the beginning and termination of the experiment are summarized in Table 1. No significant variation was observed.CXCR4 in HER2-Positive Esophageal CancerFigure 1. A SMER 28 chemical information effect of trastuzumab and ADM3100 treatment on proliferation ( ) of OE19 cells compared to control in the lactate-dehydrogenase assay. Receptor inhibition leads to reduced proliferation of cells. It shows a significant reduction of cell proliferation under HER2- and CXCR4-receptor inhibition after treatment with trastuzumab (p = 0.005) as well as with AMD3100 (p = 0.02) compared to the untreated control. B Microscopic evaluation shows dose-dependent effect of SDF-1a-stimulated cell migration on OE19 cells. C A relevant effect of SDF-1a on cell migration is observed at 250 ng/ml compared to unstimulated cells (control). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047287.gMice were randomized two weeks after implantation into therapeutic groups. We have previously shown that tumor sizes two weeks after implantation were comparable between groups [37]. At the time of termination of the experiment, an MRI scan was performed immediately before dissecting the animals. All animals reached the end point of the study without severe weight loss or other signs of tumor disease. Tumor weights were SPDP biological activity recorded and gave values between 0.01?.9 g. Tumor volumetry was performed and confirmed the tumor weight results (Table 1). While weight values within the control, trastuzumab-treatedgroup, and trastuzumab/AMD3100-treated group were more homogenous, values varied more strongly within the AMD3100treated group. Tumor weights in the control group were significantly higher than in the trastuzumab-treated (p,0.0001) and trastuzumab/AMD3100-treated (p,0.0001) groups. Tumor weights in the AMD3100-treated group were significantly higher than in the trastuzumab-treated (p = 0.04) and trastuzumab/ AMD3100-treated (p = 0.02) groups (Figure 2A). Although the effect of AMD3100 on the primary tumor weight was not as significant as the effect of trastuzumab, a potent effect wasCXCR4 in HER2-Positive Esophageal Cancerachieved by AMD3100 treatment alone compared to the untreated group. The tumor weights at time of autopsy correlated significantly with the volume measured by MRI (correlation coefficient: 0.837, p,0.01). Representative examples of magnetic resonance images for tumor evaluation with and without treatment are shown in Figure 2B.Higher intensity of HER2-expression in metastases compared to primary tumorTo further evaluate the relevance of HER2- and CXCR4correlation, a point-by-point diagram was designed (Figure 3E), in which each metastatic case was marked, indicating both the intensity of expression of the metastasis (y-axis) and the intensity of expression of its respective primary tumor (x-axis). According to the treatment group different symbols were used. The first diagram 12926553 displays the HER2-intensity, the second the CXCR4intensity. Interestingly, a higher expression of HER2 and CXCR4 could be seen in metastases of all therapeutic groups compared to their respective primary tumors. The intensity of HER2- expression (score 1?) of primary tumors and their respective metastases were applied in the first diagram in Figure 3E. The graph showed that the intensity of the HER2-positivity by immunostaining varies between tissues of treatment groups. While the HER2-positivity of primary tumor in the contr.E beginning and 22.5?2.7 g at the termination of the experiment. The means of bodyweights of each therapeutic group at the beginning and termination of the experiment are summarized in Table 1. No significant variation was observed.CXCR4 in HER2-Positive Esophageal CancerFigure 1. A Effect of trastuzumab and ADM3100 treatment on proliferation ( ) of OE19 cells compared to control in the lactate-dehydrogenase assay. Receptor inhibition leads to reduced proliferation of cells. It shows a significant reduction of cell proliferation under HER2- and CXCR4-receptor inhibition after treatment with trastuzumab (p = 0.005) as well as with AMD3100 (p = 0.02) compared to the untreated control. B Microscopic evaluation shows dose-dependent effect of SDF-1a-stimulated cell migration on OE19 cells. C A relevant effect of SDF-1a on cell migration is observed at 250 ng/ml compared to unstimulated cells (control). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047287.gMice were randomized two weeks after implantation into therapeutic groups. We have previously shown that tumor sizes two weeks after implantation were comparable between groups [37]. At the time of termination of the experiment, an MRI scan was performed immediately before dissecting the animals. All animals reached the end point of the study without severe weight loss or other signs of tumor disease. Tumor weights were recorded and gave values between 0.01?.9 g. Tumor volumetry was performed and confirmed the tumor weight results (Table 1). While weight values within the control, trastuzumab-treatedgroup, and trastuzumab/AMD3100-treated group were more homogenous, values varied more strongly within the AMD3100treated group. Tumor weights in the control group were significantly higher than in the trastuzumab-treated (p,0.0001) and trastuzumab/AMD3100-treated (p,0.0001) groups. Tumor weights in the AMD3100-treated group were significantly higher than in the trastuzumab-treated (p = 0.04) and trastuzumab/ AMD3100-treated (p = 0.02) groups (Figure 2A). Although the effect of AMD3100 on the primary tumor weight was not as significant as the effect of trastuzumab, a potent effect wasCXCR4 in HER2-Positive Esophageal Cancerachieved by AMD3100 treatment alone compared to the untreated group. The tumor weights at time of autopsy correlated significantly with the volume measured by MRI (correlation coefficient: 0.837, p,0.01). Representative examples of magnetic resonance images for tumor evaluation with and without treatment are shown in Figure 2B.Higher intensity of HER2-expression in metastases compared to primary tumorTo further evaluate the relevance of HER2- and CXCR4correlation, a point-by-point diagram was designed (Figure 3E), in which each metastatic case was marked, indicating both the intensity of expression of the metastasis (y-axis) and the intensity of expression of its respective primary tumor (x-axis). According to the treatment group different symbols were used. The first diagram 12926553 displays the HER2-intensity, the second the CXCR4intensity. Interestingly, a higher expression of HER2 and CXCR4 could be seen in metastases of all therapeutic groups compared to their respective primary tumors. The intensity of HER2- expression (score 1?) of primary tumors and their respective metastases were applied in the first diagram in Figure 3E. The graph showed that the intensity of the HER2-positivity by immunostaining varies between tissues of treatment groups. While the HER2-positivity of primary tumor in the contr.

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