Role-playing exercise, videos, and student worksheets. Project TND was initially developed for high-risk students attending option or continuation high schools. It has been adapted and tested among students attending conventional high schools at the same time. Project TND’s lessons are presented more than a 4 to six week period. Project TND received a score of three.1 (out of 4.0) on readiness for dissemination by NREPP. Plan Components–Project TND was created to fill a gap in substance abuse prevention programming for senior higher school youth. Project TND addresses 3 major threat things for tobacco, alcohol, and also other drug use, SPI-1005 violence-related behaviors, and also other issue behaviors amongst youth. These contain motivation factors for instance attitudes, beliefs,Youngster Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. Author manuscript; accessible in PMC 2011 July 1.Griffin and BotvinPageand expectations with regards to substance use; social, self-control, and coping capabilities; and decision-making skills with an emphasis on how to make choices that lead to healthpromoting behaviors. Project TND is based on an underlying theoretical framework proposing that young folks at risk for substance abuse will not use substances if they 1) are aware of misconceptions, myths, and misleading information and facts about drug use that leads to use; two) have adequate coping, self-control, and also other skills that enable them decrease their threat for use; 3) know about how substance use might have unfavorable consequences both in their own lives as in the lives of other people; 4) are conscious of cessation strategies for quitting smoking and other forms of substance use; and 5) have superior decision-making capabilities and are in a position to create a commitment to not use substances. Program materials for Project TND incorporate an implementation manual for providers covering guidelines for every of the 12 lessons, a video on how substance abuse can impede life ambitions, a student workbook, an optional kit containing evaluation materials, the book The Social Psychology of Drug Abuse, and Project TND outcome articles. System Providers and Training Requirements–A one- to two-day education workshop carried out by a certified trainer is recommended for teachers prior to implementing Project TND. The education workshops are made to build the capabilities that teachers need to provide the lessons with fidelity, and inform them in the theoretical basis, system content material, instructional strategies, and objectives of the system.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptEvidence of Effectiveness–In support of the high-quality of research on Project TND, the NREPP internet site lists five peer-reviewed outcome papers with study populations consisting of mostly Hispanic/Latino and White youth, in conjunction with four replication studies. Across 3 randomized trials, students in Project TND schools exhibited a 25 reduction in rates of challenging drug use relative to students in control schools in the one-year follow-up; in addition, those that used alcohol prior to the intervention exhibited a reduction in alcohol use prevalence of involving 7 and 12 relative to controls. In a study testing a revised 12session TND curriculum, students in Project TND PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20483746 schools (relative to students in control schools) exhibited a reduction in cigarette use of 27 in the one-year follow-up and 50 at the two-year follow-up, a reduction in marijuana use of 22 in the one-year follow-up, and in the two-year follow-up students in TND schools had been about one particular fifth as likel.