Role-playing exercise, videos, and student worksheets. Project TND was initially developed for high-risk students attending option or continuation higher schools. It has been adapted and tested amongst students attending standard higher schools too. Project TND’s lessons are presented over a four to six week period. Project TND received a score of 3.1 (out of four.0) on readiness for dissemination by NREPP. Plan Components–Project TND was created to fill a gap in substance abuse prevention programming for senior higher school youth. Project TND addresses 3 primary danger things for RAF709 price tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use, violence-related behaviors, as well as other dilemma behaviors amongst youth. These consist of motivation things for instance attitudes, beliefs,Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. Author manuscript; offered in PMC 2011 July 1.Griffin and BotvinPageand expectations relating to substance use; social, self-control, and coping skills; and decision-making capabilities with an emphasis on how to make choices that cause healthpromoting behaviors. Project TND is based on an underlying theoretical framework proposing that young people today at risk for substance abuse will not use substances if they 1) are aware of misconceptions, myths, and misleading info about drug use that results in use; 2) have sufficient coping, self-control, along with other abilities that support them decrease their risk for use; three) know about how substance use may have damaging consequences both in their very own lives as within the lives of other individuals; 4) are conscious of cessation approaches for quitting smoking and also other types of substance use; and 5) have excellent decision-making abilities and are in a position to create a commitment to not use substances. System materials for Project TND consist of an implementation manual for providers covering guidelines for each of the 12 lessons, a video on how substance abuse can impede life objectives, a student workbook, an optional kit containing evaluation supplies, the book The Social Psychology of Drug Abuse, and Project TND outcome articles. Plan Providers and Coaching Requirements–A one- to two-day education workshop conducted by a certified trainer is encouraged for teachers before implementing Project TND. The coaching workshops are developed to create the abilities that teachers want to provide the lessons with fidelity, and inform them on the theoretical basis, program content, instructional procedures, and objectives of your plan.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptEvidence of Effectiveness–In help of your top quality of investigation on Project TND, the NREPP internet web page lists five peer-reviewed outcome papers with study populations consisting of mostly Hispanic/Latino and White youth, together with four replication studies. Across 3 randomized trials, students in Project TND schools exhibited a 25 reduction in rates of really hard drug use relative to students in manage schools in the one-year follow-up; also, individuals who made use of alcohol prior to the intervention exhibited a reduction in alcohol use prevalence of among 7 and 12 relative to controls. Within a study testing a revised 12session TND curriculum, students in Project TND PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20483746 schools (relative to students in handle schools) exhibited a reduction in cigarette use of 27 in the one-year follow-up and 50 at the two-year follow-up, a reduction in marijuana use of 22 at the one-year follow-up, and in the two-year follow-up students in TND schools have been about a single fifth as likel.