S continuing to elongate into fruiting, with peduncle of prior season as much as 15 cm observed on very same plant, ca. 3-costate, densely subappressed-villous especially above, having a dense sericeous collar of trichomes subtending involucre. Peduncle sheaths 250 mm, much surpassing the leaves, and strongly surpassing the leaf mat, scarious, pretty lax, practically glabrous except for theThe Andean Paepalanthus PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20108356 pilosus complex (Eriocaulaceae): a revision with three new taxaFigure 9. Paepalanthus huancabambensis (Sag tegui 16799). A Habit B Capitulum, anthesis C Staminate flower, anthesis D-I Pistillate flower D Hematoporphyrin (dihydrochloride) Entire flower E Petal, adaxial F Petal, abaxial G Gynoecium, juvenile H Sepal, anthesis I Gynoecium and one petal, young fruit.tufted apex, the lamina cucullate, enclosing the bud when young then splitting broadly into two or 3 triangular segments. Capitula 4 mm, depressed-hemispheric. Involucres subequaling flowers at anthesis, and opening broadly at maturity; involucral bracts 2-seriate, the outer bracts triangular-ovate, greenish to uniformly dark brown, shaggy-ciliate on margins and villous in two submedial bands. FloralNancy Hensold / PhytoKeys 64: 17 (2016)trichomes obtuse to clavate, strongly tuberculate. Flowers ca. 204 per capitulum, the pistillate flowers peripheral, the staminate central, with 148 pistillate flowers to 6 staminate flowers (in two capitula sampled). Receptacle sparingly long-pilose with brownish hairs. Receptacular bracts subequaling flowers, linear-subspatulate, the apex slightly cucullate, pubescent as sepals, the base sharply carinate. Pistillate flowers: Pedicels 0.three.45 mm extended, fine and membranous. Sepals broadly obovate-spatulate to subtruncate at apex, often weakly cymbiform, 1.55.65 mm extended 0.650.8 mm wide at middle, 0.15.2 mm wide at base, blackish-brown, short-ciliate (apical cilia to 0.17 mm) along upper margin, and appressed-long-pilose in two bands flanking the upper dorsum, the basal half of the midrib hygroscopically thickened, spadiceous-brown in fruit, and recurving when dry, the broad upper half on the sepal remaining chartaceous, erect; sepals detaching from fruit on dispersal. Petals spatulate, obtuse, brownish at tip, 1.25.35 mm extended, the widest within a flower ca. 0.65 mm wide, ca. two.two times longer than wide, bearing scale-like staminodes at base, densely long-pilose with lengthy tuberculate hairs on abaxial upper half except for midvein, also tufted subapically inside, the hairs enfolding the style branch, petals not thickening in fruit, dispersed with fruit. Gynoecium with style base 0.35 mm long; nectaries ca. 0.7 mm lengthy, dark red-brown, penicillate to subclavate-infundibular, with fringe of colorless stiff-walled papillae at mouth, these rigidulous and sustaining shape immediately after anthesis; style branches 0.85 mm extended, thick and dark red-brown, non-involute. Only two slightly misshapen seeds observed, 0.six.63 mm long, pinkish to red-brown, the pseudotrichomes weak. Staminate flowers: Pedicels 0.35.4 mm, membranous, nearly glabrous. Sepals 1.six.7 mm 0.five.six mm, spatulate to obrhombic or subtruncate, color and pubescence as within the female flowers, narrowed toward base and shallowly fused. Corolla 1.eight mm extended; the anthophore 1.15 mm extended, comprising ca. 65 the length on the corolla, grading from 0.15 mm wide at base to 0.35 mm wide at apex; the tube 0.65 mm extended such as well-defined brownish-tinged lobes. Filaments brownish-tinged above; exsert not a lot more than 0.three mm beyond lobe tips, anthers persisten.