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Role-playing physical exercise, videos, and student worksheets. Project TND was initially developed for high-risk students attending alternative or continuation high schools. It has been adapted and tested amongst students attending regular high schools too. Project TND’s lessons are presented over a 4 to six week period. Project TND received a score of 3.1 (out of 4.0) on readiness for dissemination by NREPP. System Components–Project TND was developed to fill a gap in substance abuse prevention programming for senior high school youth. Project TND addresses 3 principal risk components for tobacco, alcohol, and also other drug use, violence-related behaviors, and other trouble behaviors among youth. These incorporate motivation variables which include attitudes, beliefs,Youngster Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. Author manuscript; accessible in PMC 2011 July 1.Griffin and BotvinPageand expectations relating to substance use; social, self-control, and coping abilities; and decision-making AS1842856 capabilities with an emphasis on how to make choices that cause healthpromoting behaviors. Project TND is based on an underlying theoretical framework proposing that young folks at risk for substance abuse is not going to use substances if they 1) are conscious of misconceptions, myths, and misleading facts about drug use that results in use; two) have sufficient coping, self-control, as well as other expertise that help them reduced their risk for use; three) know about how substance use might have adverse consequences each in their own lives as within the lives of others; four) are conscious of cessation approaches for quitting smoking and other types of substance use; and five) have superior decision-making skills and are capable to produce a commitment to not use substances. Plan materials for Project TND include things like an implementation manual for providers covering instructions for every with the 12 lessons, a video on how substance abuse can impede life objectives, a student workbook, an optional kit containing evaluation components, the book The Social Psychology of Drug Abuse, and Project TND outcome articles. Plan Providers and Instruction Requirements–A one- to two-day training workshop carried out by a certified trainer is advisable for teachers before implementing Project TND. The education workshops are made to develop the capabilities that teachers require to deliver the lessons with fidelity, and inform them from the theoretical basis, plan content material, instructional procedures, and objectives from the program.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptEvidence of Effectiveness–In assistance with the good quality of research on Project TND, the NREPP internet web-site lists five peer-reviewed outcome papers with study populations consisting of mainly Hispanic/Latino and White youth, in addition to four replication research. Across three randomized trials, students in Project TND schools exhibited a 25 reduction in rates of hard drug use relative to students in control schools in the one-year follow-up; moreover, people that employed alcohol before the intervention exhibited a reduction in alcohol use prevalence of amongst 7 and 12 relative to controls. Within a study testing a revised 12session TND curriculum, students in Project TND PubMed ID: schools (relative to students in control schools) exhibited a reduction in cigarette use of 27 at the one-year follow-up and 50 in the two-year follow-up, a reduction in marijuana use of 22 at the one-year follow-up, and in the two-year follow-up students in TND schools had been about one fifth as likel.