Role-playing exercise, videos, and student worksheets. buy AZD0865 Project TND was initially developed for high-risk students attending option or continuation higher schools. It has been adapted and tested among students attending traditional high schools too. Project TND’s lessons are presented more than a four to six week period. Project TND received a score of 3.1 (out of four.0) on readiness for dissemination by NREPP. System Components–Project TND was developed to fill a gap in substance abuse prevention programming for senior higher school youth. Project TND addresses 3 key threat components for tobacco, alcohol, and also other drug use, violence-related behaviors, along with other challenge behaviors amongst youth. These consist of motivation components for instance attitudes, beliefs,Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. Author manuscript; readily available in PMC 2011 July 1.Griffin and BotvinPageand expectations with regards to substance use; social, self-control, and coping expertise; and decision-making skills with an emphasis on tips on how to make decisions that result in healthpromoting behaviors. Project TND is primarily based on an underlying theoretical framework proposing that young persons at risk for substance abuse is not going to use substances if they 1) are conscious of misconceptions, myths, and misleading information about drug use that leads to use; two) have sufficient coping, self-control, along with other expertise that assist them reduce their danger for use; 3) know about how substance use may have negative consequences each in their very own lives as in the lives of other folks; four) are conscious of cessation strategies for quitting smoking and other forms of substance use; and 5) have excellent decision-making abilities and are in a position to create a commitment to not use substances. System components for Project TND contain an implementation manual for providers covering directions for each and every of the 12 lessons, a video on how substance abuse can impede life targets, a student workbook, an optional kit containing evaluation materials, the book The Social Psychology of Drug Abuse, and Project TND outcome articles. Plan Providers and Training Requirements–A one- to two-day coaching workshop carried out by a certified trainer is encouraged for teachers before implementing Project TND. The training workshops are designed to build the skills that teachers require to provide the lessons with fidelity, and inform them with the theoretical basis, system content material, instructional techniques, and objectives with the program.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptEvidence of Effectiveness–In support from the quality of analysis on Project TND, the NREPP web internet site lists five peer-reviewed outcome papers with study populations consisting of primarily Hispanic/Latino and White youth, along with four replication studies. Across three randomized trials, students in Project TND schools exhibited a 25 reduction in rates of tough drug use relative to students in control schools at the one-year follow-up; also, individuals who utilized alcohol before the intervention exhibited a reduction in alcohol use prevalence of involving 7 and 12 relative to controls. In a study testing a revised 12session TND curriculum, students in Project TND PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20483746 schools (relative to students in handle schools) exhibited a reduction in cigarette use of 27 at the one-year follow-up and 50 in the two-year follow-up, a reduction in marijuana use of 22 in the one-year follow-up, and at the two-year follow-up students in TND schools were about one fifth as likel.