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Role-playing physical exercise, videos, and student worksheets. Project TND was initially created for high-risk students attending alternative or continuation higher schools. It has been adapted and tested amongst students attending classic higher schools too. Project TND’s lessons are presented more than a 4 to six week period. Project TND received a score of 3.1 (out of 4.0) on readiness for dissemination by NREPP. Program Components–Project TND was developed to fill a gap in substance abuse prevention programming for senior high school youth. Project TND addresses 3 key risk elements for tobacco, alcohol, as well as other drug use, violence-related behaviors, and also other dilemma behaviors among youth. These contain motivation factors such as attitudes, beliefs,Kid Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. Author manuscript; readily available in PMC 2011 July 1.Griffin and BotvinPageand expectations concerning substance use; social, self-control, and coping skills; and decision-making capabilities with an emphasis on how to make choices that lead to healthpromoting behaviors. Project TND is primarily based on an underlying theoretical framework proposing that young men and women at threat for substance abuse won’t use substances if they 1) are conscious of misconceptions, myths, and misleading data about drug use that results in use; two) have adequate coping, self-control, and also other abilities that assistance them reduced their risk for use; 3) know about how substance use might have unfavorable consequences both in their very own lives as in the lives of other people; 4) are aware of cessation tactics for quitting smoking along with other forms of substance use; and five) have fantastic decision-making PF-01247324 web skills and are in a position to make a commitment to not use substances. System components for Project TND consist of an implementation manual for providers covering instructions for each of your 12 lessons, a video on how substance abuse can impede life objectives, a student workbook, an optional kit containing evaluation materials, the book The Social Psychology of Drug Abuse, and Project TND outcome articles. Plan Providers and Training Requirements–A one- to two-day instruction workshop performed by a certified trainer is advised for teachers before implementing Project TND. The education workshops are designed to construct the expertise that teachers will need to provide the lessons with fidelity, and inform them of your theoretical basis, plan content material, instructional techniques, and objectives in the system.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptEvidence of Effectiveness–In help on the quality of study on Project TND, the NREPP web website lists five peer-reviewed outcome papers with study populations consisting of primarily Hispanic/Latino and White youth, in conjunction with four replication research. Across 3 randomized trials, students in Project TND schools exhibited a 25 reduction in prices of difficult drug use relative to students in control schools at the one-year follow-up; in addition, individuals who made use of alcohol before the intervention exhibited a reduction in alcohol use prevalence of among 7 and 12 relative to controls. In a study testing a revised 12session TND curriculum, students in Project TND PubMed ID: schools (relative to students in control schools) exhibited a reduction in cigarette use of 27 in the one-year follow-up and 50 at the two-year follow-up, a reduction in marijuana use of 22 at the one-year follow-up, and in the two-year follow-up students in TND schools have been about one fifth as likel.