Name :
Human Apolipoprotein E Protein (C130R, Isoform E4)

Biological Activity :

Background :
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a 34.2 kDa glycosylated protein with 299 amino acid residues. There are three isoforms in human (apoE2, apoE3, and apoE4) due to different amino acid residues at positions 112 and 158. ApoE is synthesized predominantly in the liver, but also by cells in the spleen, brain, lung, kidney, ovary, adrenal, and muscle tissues. Hepatic parenchyma cells are the main apoE producing cells in mammalian body, probably accounting for two thirds to three fourths of the plasma apoE . In the nervous system, apoE mRNA is present in neurons, astrocytes, ependymal cells, nonmyelinating Schwann cells, but not in microglia, oligodendroglia, choroidal cells, or myelinating Schwann cells. ApoE produced by mammalian cells exists in different forms, monomers, dimers, modified, unmodified, lipid-rich, and lipid-poor, and so forth. ApoE plays a double-role in immune responses. Both apoE containing lipoproteins and multimers of synthetic apoE peptides inhibited proliferation of cultured lymphocytes by inhibiting DNA synthesis and reducing phospholipid turnover in T cells. ApoE can also affect innate and acquired immune responses in vitro by its ability to suppress stimulation of cultured neutrophils. ApoE can bind lipopolysaccharide (LPS), attenuate the inflammatory response, and thus reduce LPS induced lethality. Injection of LPS stimulated higher expression of inflammatory cytokines like interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-12, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), as well as IL-6.

Biological Activity :
Testing in progress

Expression Host :
Human

Source :
HEK293 Cells

Tag :

Protein Accession No. :
P02649

NCBI Gene ID :

Synonyms :

Synonyms :
apolipoprotein E

Amino Acid Sequence :

Molecular Weight :
The recombinant Human ApoE consists of 299 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 34.3 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 34 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.

Purity :
≥ 90 % as determined by SDS-PAGE.

State of Matter :

Product Concentration :

Storage and Stability :
Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -20℃ to -80℃. Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Endotoxin Level :
< 1.0 EU per μg protein as determined by the LAL method.

Protein Construction :
A DNA sequence encoding the Human ApoE (P02649) (Met1-His317) was expressed.

Buffer Solution :
Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4.Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements. Normally 5 % – 8 % trehalose, mannitol and 0.01% Tween80 are added as protectants before lyophilization. Please refer to the specific buffer information in the hardcopy of datasheet.

Shipping :
In general, recombinant proteins are provided as lyophilized powder which are shipped at ambient temperature.Bulk packages of recombinant proteins are provided as frozen liquid. They are shipped out with blue ice unless customers require otherwise.

Redissolution :
A hardcopy of datasheet with reconstitution instructions is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.

Synonyms :
AD2 Protein, Human; APO-E Protein, Human; ApoE4 Protein, Human; LDLCQ5 Protein, Human; LPG Protein, Human Apolipoprotein E/APOE 背景信息 Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a 34.2 kDa glycosylated protein with 299 amino acid residues. There are three isoforms in human (apoE2, apoE3, and apoE4) due to different amino acid residues at positions 112 and 158. ApoE is synthesized predominantly in the liver, but also by cells in the spleen, brain, lung, kidney, ovary, adrenal, and muscle tissues. Hepatic parenchyma cells are the main apoE producing cells in mammalian body, probably accounting for two thirds to three fourths of the plasma apoE . In the nervous system, apoE mRNA is present in neurons, astrocytes, ependymal cells, nonmyelinating Schwann cells, but not in microglia, oligodendroglia, choroidal cells, or myelinating Schwann cells. ApoE produced by mammalian cells exists in different forms, monomers, dimers, modified, unmodified, lipid-rich, and lipid-poor, and so forth. ApoE plays a double-role in immune responses. Both apoE containing lipoproteins and multimers of synthetic apoE peptides inhibited proliferation of cultured lymphocytes by inhibiting DNA synthesis and reducing phospholipid turnover in T cells. ApoE can also affect innate and acquired immune responses in vitro by its ability to suppress stimulation of cultured neutrophils. ApoE can bind lipopolysaccharide (LPS), attenuate the inflammatory response, and thus reduce LPS induced lethality. Injection of LPS stimulated higher expression of inflammatory cytokines like interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-12, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), as well as IL-6.

References & Citations :
Mahley RW. (1988) Apolipoprotein E: cholesterol transport protein with expanding role in cell biology. Science. 240(4852): 622-30.Aleshkov S, et al. (1989) Interaction of nascent apoe2, apoe3, and apoe4 isoforms expressed in mammalian cells with amyloid peptide. Relevance to Alzheimer’s disease. Biochemistry. 36(34): 10571-80.Hussain MM, et al. (1997) Synthesis, modification, and flotation properties of rat hepatocyte apolipoproteins. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 101(1): 90-101.

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