Name :
Recombinant Human Apolipoprotein E/APOE Protein (isoform E3, His & Trx Tag)

Biological Activity :

Background :
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a 34.2 kDa glycosylated protein with 299 amino acid residues. There are three isoforms in human (apoE2, apoE3, and apoE4) due to different amino acid residues at positions 112 and 158. ApoE is synthesized predominantly in the liver, but also by cells in the spleen, brain, lung, kidney, ovary, adrenal, and muscle tissues. Hepatic parenchyma cells are the main apoE producing cells in mammalian body, probably accounting for two thirds to three fourths of the plasma apoE . In the nervous system, apoE mRNA is present in neurons, astrocytes, ependymal cells, nonmyelinating Schwann cells, but not in microglia, oligodendroglia, choroidal cells, or myelinating Schwann cells. ApoE produced by mammalian cells exists in different forms, monomers, dimers, modified, unmodified, lipid-rich, and lipid-poor, and so forth. ApoE plays a double-role in immune responses. Both apoE containing lipoproteins and multimers of synthetic apoE peptides inhibited proliferation of cultured lymphocytes by inhibiting DNA synthesis and reducing phospholipid turnover in T cells. ApoE can also affect innate and acquired immune responses in vitro by its ability to suppress stimulation of cultured neutrophils. ApoE can bind lipopolysaccharide (LPS), attenuate the inflammatory response, and thus reduce LPS induced lethality. Injection of LPS stimulated higher expression of inflammatory cytokines like interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-12, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), as well as IL-6.

Biological Activity :
Testing in progress

Expression Host :
Human

Source :
E. coli

Tag :

Protein Accession No. :
P02649

NCBI Gene ID :

Synonyms :

Synonyms :
apolipoprotein E

Amino Acid Sequence :

Molecular Weight :
The recombinant human APOE/Trx fusion protein consisting of 458 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 51.3 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 46 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.

Purity :
> 75 % as determined by SDS-PAGE

State of Matter :

Product Concentration :

Storage and Stability :
Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -20℃ to -80℃. Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Endotoxin Level :
Please contact us for more information.

Protein Construction :
A DNA sequence encoding the human APOE (P02649) (Lys 19-His 317) was fused with a Trx tag at the N-terminus.

Buffer Solution :
Supplied as sterile PBS, 40 % glycerol, pH 7.4.Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements.Please refer to the specific buffer information in the hardcopy of datasheet.

Shipping :
Liquid. It is shipped out with blue ice.

Redissolution :
A hardcopy of COA with reconstitution instruction is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.

Synonyms :
AD2 Protein, Human; APO-E Protein, Human; ApoE4 Protein, Human; LDLCQ5 Protein, Human; LPG Protein, Human Apolipoprotein E/APOE 背景信息 Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a 34.2 kDa glycosylated protein with 299 amino acid residues. There are three isoforms in human (apoE2, apoE3, and apoE4) due to different amino acid residues at positions 112 and 158. ApoE is synthesized predominantly in the liver, but also by cells in the spleen, brain, lung, kidney, ovary, adrenal, and muscle tissues. Hepatic parenchyma cells are the main apoE producing cells in mammalian body, probably accounting for two thirds to three fourths of the plasma apoE . In the nervous system, apoE mRNA is present in neurons, astrocytes, ependymal cells, nonmyelinating Schwann cells, but not in microglia, oligodendroglia, choroidal cells, or myelinating Schwann cells. ApoE produced by mammalian cells exists in different forms, monomers, dimers, modified, unmodified, lipid-rich, and lipid-poor, and so forth. ApoE plays a double-role in immune responses. Both apoE containing lipoproteins and multimers of synthetic apoE peptides inhibited proliferation of cultured lymphocytes by inhibiting DNA synthesis and reducing phospholipid turnover in T cells. ApoE can also affect innate and acquired immune responses in vitro by its ability to suppress stimulation of cultured neutrophils. ApoE can bind lipopolysaccharide (LPS), attenuate the inflammatory response, and thus reduce LPS induced lethality. Injection of LPS stimulated higher expression of inflammatory cytokines like interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-12, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), as well as IL-6.

References & Citations :
Mahley RW. (1988) Apolipoprotein E: cholesterol transport protein with expanding role in cell biology. Science. 240(4852): 622-30.Aleshkov S, et al. (1989) Interaction of nascent apoe2, apoe3, and apoe4 isoforms expressed in mammalian cells with amyloid peptide. Relevance to Alzheimer’s disease. Biochemistry. 36(34): 10571-80.Hussain MM, et al. (1997) Synthesis, modification, and flotation properties of rat hepatocyte apolipoproteins. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 101(1): 90-101.

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