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Role-playing workout, videos, and student worksheets. Project TND was initially developed for high-risk students attending option or continuation higher schools. It has been adapted and tested amongst students attending regular higher schools at the same time. Project TND’s lessons are presented over a 4 to six week period. Project TND received a score of three.1 (out of four.0) on readiness for dissemination by NREPP. System Components–Project TND was developed to fill a gap in substance abuse prevention programming for senior high college youth. Project TND addresses 3 major threat factors for tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use, violence-related behaviors, and also other dilemma behaviors amongst youth. These incorporate motivation aspects for example attitudes, beliefs,Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. Author manuscript; obtainable in PMC 2011 July 1.Griffin and BotvinPageand expectations relating to substance use; social, self-control, and coping capabilities; and decision-making abilities with an emphasis on the best way to make SU5408 biological activity choices that result in healthpromoting behaviors. Project TND is primarily based on an underlying theoretical framework proposing that young folks at threat for substance abuse won’t use substances if they 1) are aware of misconceptions, myths, and misleading information and facts about drug use that results in use; 2) have sufficient coping, self-control, along with other abilities that enable them decrease their danger for use; three) know about how substance use may have unfavorable consequences each in their own lives as in the lives of other folks; 4) are conscious of cessation methods for quitting smoking along with other types of substance use; and five) have very good decision-making abilities and are capable to produce a commitment to not use substances. Program components for Project TND include an implementation manual for providers covering instructions for each from the 12 lessons, a video on how substance abuse can impede life targets, a student workbook, an optional kit containing evaluation supplies, the book The Social Psychology of Drug Abuse, and Project TND outcome articles. Program Providers and Training Requirements–A one- to two-day coaching workshop carried out by a certified trainer is suggested for teachers before implementing Project TND. The training workshops are made to make the abilities that teachers need to have to deliver the lessons with fidelity, and inform them of your theoretical basis, system content material, instructional approaches, and objectives of your plan.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptEvidence of Effectiveness–In assistance on the high quality of analysis on Project TND, the NREPP internet web-site lists 5 peer-reviewed outcome papers with study populations consisting of mostly Hispanic/Latino and White youth, as well as four replication research. Across three randomized trials, students in Project TND schools exhibited a 25 reduction in rates of really hard drug use relative to students in handle schools at the one-year follow-up; also, individuals who used alcohol prior to the intervention exhibited a reduction in alcohol use prevalence of involving 7 and 12 relative to controls. Within a study testing a revised 12session TND curriculum, students in Project TND PubMed ID: schools (relative to students in manage schools) exhibited a reduction in cigarette use of 27 at the one-year follow-up and 50 in the two-year follow-up, a reduction in marijuana use of 22 at the one-year follow-up, and in the two-year follow-up students in TND schools have been about 1 fifth as likel.